> Aluminium mixed with fertilizer is one of the most common forms of homemade explosive used by IS forces in Iraq and Syria.
> IS forces operating in Iraq and Syria almost exclusively use homemade explosives made from fertilizers, such as ammonium nitrate and urea, mixed with other chemical precursors
> IS forces regularly employ detonating cord in their IEDs to complete the explosive train between the detonator and the main explosive charge. The examples documented by CAR are commercial variants, which are used in both the mining and industrial sectors.
> IS forces employ a combination of electric and non-electric (plain) detonators during the fabrication of their IEDs, fuses, and improvised weapon systems (such as rockets, rocket-assisted mortars, and other improvised projected weapons). As with detonating cord, the examples documented by CAR are commercial variants used in both the mining and industrial sectors
> IS forces use wire and cable in the construction of IEDs in Iraq and Syria: copper wire for command-wire IEDs, and telecommunications cable for anti-handling devices.
> IS forces have used electronic components such as signal relays, transistors, and microcontrollers to initiate IEDs.
> IS forces have consistently used a specific model of mobile telephone in one type of remote-controlled IED employed in Iraq. (Nokia Model 105