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File 145745896316.jpg - (141.00KB , 780x585 , 2015_F22_Elmo_25_F22R11_04_1267828237_9117_1.jpg )
20078 No. 20078 ID: c1ae99
At long last, the United States Air Force has started to field the AIM-9X Sidewinder high off-boresight (HOBS) missile onboard the stealthy Lockheed Martin F-22 Raptor.

Until now, America’s premier air superiority fighter had been equipped with the antiquated AIM-9M version of the missile. The lack of a HOBS missile put the $140 million stealth fighter at a severe disadvantage in a visual range dogfight with other aircraft.

“Every aspect about this missile, it's a huge capability increase in all facets,” explained Lt. Col. David Skalicky, commander of the 90th Fighter Squadron at Joint Base Elmendorf-Richardson in Alaska.

“We can employ it in more scenarios, at greater range, and reach edges of the envelope we would have had a more difficult time reaching with the AIM-9M,” Skalicky said. “Similar to how the F-22 is a generation beyond the fighters that came before it, the 9X is a generation beyond the previous Sidewinder missiles we used before. It's a huge advance in lethality for the F-22.”

The F-22 Raptor units of the 3rd Wing—which includes the 90th Fighter Squadron and the 525th Fighter Squadron—are the first to receive the AIM-9X. But units flying the F-15 and F-16, as well as the Navy and Marine Corps’ F/A-18 Hornet squadrons, have been equipped with the new weapon for years.

It took the Air Force more than a decade to equip the Raptor with the AIM-9X because of the F-22’s obtuse avionics architecture—which is exceptionally difficult to upgrade. Even this recent addition of the AIM-9X is a jury-rigged interim measure called Update 5, which also includes an automatic ground collision avoidance system.

While the new software upgrade allows Raptor pilots to take advantage of the performance of the new missile, the jet’s targeting display will not show the correct symbology for the AIM-9X. Instead, the weapon will have the same displays as the current AIM-9M and pilots will have to compensate for the difference.

The situation will not be rectified until a new enhanced stores management system (ESMS) is added to the frontline Block 30 and Block 35 Raptors in 2018 with the Increment 3.2B hardware upgrade. With Inc. 3.2B, the F-22 will display the proper symbology for the AIM-9X. But even then, the F-22 will not have a helmet-mounted cueing system—which was deleted during the jet’s problematic development program in the late 1990s.

Raptor pilots will be able take advantage of many of the superior capabilities of the AIM-9X even without a helmet-mounted cueing system. But to fully exploit the outer edges of the new Sidewinder’s greatly expanded weapons employment zone, F-22 pilots will eventually need one.

The Air Force demonstrated such a capability using the Thales Scorpion helmet-mounted cueing system onboard the Raptor in 2014 at Nellis Air Force Base, Nevada. While the pilots gave the Scorpion systems a thumbs up, the service instead embarked upon a contest to field a new helmet-mounted cueing system on the powerful fifth-generation fighter by 2020.

The helmet that pilots don’t want is the one on the F-35—which is heavy and strains the neck during high-g maneuvers. Indeed, the Air Force’s stated requirements say that the service won’t accept any reduced field of view or any other performance degradation. “The helmet mounted assembly of the RHMD shall have a weight, center of gravity (CG) and principal moments-of-inertia that minimize risk of injurious neck loads during flight and ejection,” the Air Force requirements document states. “The helmet shall not force the pilot’s head forward, relative to the HGU-55/P, from the seat headrest.”

It’s only once the new helmet is fielded that the Raptor will realize its full potential. But, unfortunately for the Air Force, which had stated a requirement for 381 Raptors, only 195 F-22s—including test aircraft—were ever built. Right now, the Air Force only has 186 Raptors in its inventory, and of those only 143 are frontline combat aircraft. The breakdown is 123 combat-coded and twenty backup inventory jets according to the service’s Air Combat Command.

Dave Majumdar is the defense editor for the National Interest.

http://nationalinterest.org/blog/the-buzz/raptors-new-claws-the-f-22-stealth-fighter-more-lethal-ever-15434
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>> No. 20079 ID: 794d7b
Shouldn't this be in /v/? Or does it qualify for /n/? I don't even know anymore.
>> No. 20081 ID: 369bd6
>>20078
>>20079

Moved from /n/ to /v/. While it is news, I think it is specific enough to belong on the vehicles board.
>> No. 20097 ID: f6e43c
File 145762012115.jpg - (168.38KB , 1024x1280 , US flight helmet, F-35 HDMS by Vision Systems Inte.jpg )
20097
>>20078
>The helmet that pilots don’t want is the one on the F-35—which is heavy and strains the neck during high-g maneuvers.
I can see the logic of their objections.
I wonder how much development delays and cost overruns went into this hat.

- US F-35 flight helmet mounted display system (HMD) by Vision Systems International.
>> No. 20098 ID: f6e43c
File 145762030558.jpg - (75.60KB , 500x625 , US flight helmet-mounted display (HMD) for the F-3.jpg )
20098
Helmet-Mounted Display System
Vision Systems International (VSI; the Elbit Systems/Rockwell Collins joint venture) along with Helmet Integrated Systems, Ltd. developed the Helmet-Mounted Display System (HMDS) for the F-35 Joint Strike Fighter aircraft. In addition to standard HMD capabilities offered by other systems, HMDS fully utilizes the advanced avionics architecture of the F-35 and provides the pilot video with imagery in day or night conditions. Consequently, the F-35 is the first tactical fighter jet in 50 years to fly without a HUD. A BAE Systems helmet was considered when HMDS development was experiencing significant problems, but these issues were eventually worked out. The Helmet-Mounted Display System was fully operational and ready for delivery in July 2014. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Helmet-mounted_display
>> No. 20099 ID: f6e43c
File 145762058694.jpg - (1.63MB , 4256x2832 , US flight helmet-mounted display (HMD) F-35A Light.jpg )
20099
Air Force: F-35 Helmet is a ‘Workspace,’ Not a Helmet
The U.S. Air Force wants to use another word to describe the expensive, high-tech helmet that can “see through” windowless parts of the F-35 Joint Strike Fighter.

When asked about the price tag for the pilot gear — which has ranged from $400,000 to $800,000 apiece — Air Force Chief of Staff Gen. Mark Welsh said he didn’t know its unit cost and that it won’t be finalized until the hardware enters production.

But he did have this to say about the technology:

“The helmet is much more than a helmet, the helmet is a work space,” he said. “It’s an interpretation of the battle space, it’s situational awareness. This is a — calling this thing a helmet is really — we’ve got to come up with a new word.”

Cue chuckles in the Pentagon briefing room.

The Helmet Mounted Display System made by Rockwell Collins Inc. was previously estimated to cost about $500,000 apiece. It’s designed to provide pilots with 360-degree situational awareness in any kind of weather, day or night. http://www.defensetech.org/2015/08/25/air-force-f-35-helmet-is-a-workspace-not-a-helmet/
>> No. 20100 ID: f6e43c
File 145762068289.jpg - (1.44MB , 4256x2832 , US flight helmet-mounted display (HMD) F-35A Light.jpg )
20100
The jet’s distributed aperture system streams real-time imagery from cameras and sensors mounted around the aircraft to the helmet, allowing pilot’s to “see through” windowless parts of the cockpit.

While development of the technology has posed significant challenges, the Pentagon has worked with the aircraft’s main contractor, Lockheed Martin Corp., in recent years to identify fixes. It apparently felt good enough about the improvements that it canceled development of an alternative product made by BAE Systems Plc.

But the helmet has still had bugs. When a news team from the CBS News program, “60 Minutes,” visited the Marine Corps station last year in Yuma, Arizona, a helmet malfunction caused a scheduled flight to be scrubbed.

Welsh said he hasn’t heard concerns from pilots that the helmet is distracting or too complicated.

“All the people flying the airplane, from the time I came into this job three years ago and started asking about the problems I kept hearing about with the helmet, not a single one of them has said yeah, I don’t want to use it,” he said. “It’s pretty — it’s a pretty incredibly capability, and they adapt very quickly to it.”
>> No. 20101 ID: f6e43c
File 14576210522.jpg - (1.90MB , 2154x2298 , US F-22 Scorpion helmet-mounted cuing system (HMCS.jpg )
20101
USAF wants improved day-night F-22 Raptor helmet by 2020
23 JUNE, 2015 https://www.flightglobal.com/news/articles/usaf-wants-improved-day-night-f-22-raptor-helmet-by-413962/
A long-running effort to provide F-22 Raptor pilots with a day and night helmet-mounted display and cuing system has taken a significant step forward, with the US Air Force publishing a draft programme schedule and requirements list that would “deliver a HMD system by 2020”.

Once installed, a Raptor pilot can visually control sensors and weapons at high off-boresight angles, particularly the latest version of the Raytheon AIM-9X dogfighting missile.

The helmet mounted display and cueing system has been a validated requirement of the F-22 programme as far back as 2007, and is a capability that is already inherent in some older fighters. But cost pressures and sequestration have set the acquisition back time and again.

- US F-22 Scorpion helmet-mounted cuing system (HMCS).
>> No. 20102 ID: f6e43c
File 145762121451.jpg - (308.41KB , 2560x1600 , US F-22 Raptor w fuel tanks 1.jpg )
20102
A set of documents published this month say the F-22 programme office wants a mature helmet system that would be ready to enter a four-year development and test period starting in 2017. Laboratory and simulator testing would take place in 2018 ahead of flight trials in 2019, according to the draft programme plan.

An earlier demonstration of the Visionix-Gentex Scorpion helmet-mounting cueing system was terminated in 2013 due to automatic government spending cuts known as sequestration.

According to the 1June draft requirements document, the air force will accept an F-22 helmet assembly that uses the existing Gentex HGU-55/P helmet – either modified or in its current form – or a new design. However, the programme won’t accept a reduced field of view or any degradation in performance across the Raptor flight envelope, to include high-G manoeuvres, crash, ejection, bailout or water entry.
>> No. 20103 ID: f6e43c
File 145762132027.jpg - (248.19KB , 640x813 , US F-22 helmet specs 2020 1.jpg )
20103
Key functions include day and night cueing of weapons and sensors at high angles off the nose of the aircraft (high off-boresight), as well as the ability to process and display data and videos feeds from those devices. “It will also be able to receive and display target, weapon and flight data for aircraft state, navigation and air-to-air/air-to-ground weapon delivery while maintaining visual contact with the target,” the document says.

The latest versions of the Raytheon AIM-9X Block II and AIM-120D AMRAAM will be fully available on the F-22 by 2017 as part of the Increment 3.2B upgrade. In February, an F-22 test fired two AIM-9X weapons for the first time against a BQM-34 Firebee drone.
>> No. 20104 ID: f6e43c
File 145762156131.jpg - (485.21KB , 4000x2657 , US F-22 Raptor front cockpit 1.jpg )
20104
JOINT BASE ELMENDORF-RICHARDSON, Alaska -- Air Force Lt. Col. Paul Moga, 525th Fighter Squadron commander, raises the canopy of the Air Force's last delivered F-22 Raptor fighter May 5 at the 525th FS hangar. http://www.jber.af.mil/photos/mediagallery.asp?galleryID=5457&page=3
>> No. 20201 ID: 9723b1
http://www.defensetech.org/2016/02/17/more-than-400-deficiencies-remain-in-f-35-stealth-fighter-manager/
>> No. 20212 ID: 254d85
File 145828539064.png - (41.27KB , 632x159 , F-18.png )
20212
>>20201
Oh gee, it's fucking nothing.

(source: https://books.google.com/books?id=ZcK5DzmB_CgC&lpg=PA4&ots=BPgK1U5BSH&dq=F%2FA-18E%20number%20of%20Deficiencies&pg=PA4#v=onepage&q&f=false)
>> No. 20213 ID: 9723b1
>>20212
>F/A-18 Super Hornet
That's interesting because their development lines aren't at all comparable.

The Super hornet errors were identified two years after first flight and it entered service two years after that. F-35 errors have been getting identified for sixteen years after its first flight. That is a long ass time to identify errors.

When it enters service the pilots flying the F-35 are likely to have been conceived after the plane they're flying.

I'm a nice guy though, if F-35 solves its 400+ errors and enters service two years from now in a fully combat capable form with no missing systems, I'll eat my words.
>> No. 20214 ID: 254d85
>>20213
My god it's almost like a advanced aircraft still in development (the USMC declaring the F-35B IOC was done for political reasons) is going to have more issues that need to be fixed as it's brought into service, than a airplane that was essentially "trick congress into thinking the Rhino is just a version of the Hornet so we can replace the F-14."
>> No. 20215 ID: 9723b1
>>20214
Then why did you use it as a comparison dumbkoff?
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